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Checks a disk and displays a status report.

CHKDSK [volume[[path]filename]]] [/F] [/V] [/R] [/X] [/I] [/C] [/L[:size]] [/B]

volume         Specifies the drive letter (followed by a colon), mount point, or volume name.

filename        FAT/FAT32 only: Specifies the files to check for fragmentation.

/F                 Fixes errors on the disk.
/V                On FAT/FAT32: Displays the full path and name of every file on the disk.
                    On NTFS: Displays cleanup messages if any.
/R                Locates bad sectors and recovers readable information (implies /F).
/L:size          NTFS only: Changes the log file size to the specified number of kilobytes. If size is not specified, displays current size.
/X                Forces the volume to dismount first if necessary.
                    All opened handles to the volume would then be invalid (implies /F).
/I                 NTFS only: Performs a less vigorous check of index entries.
/C               NTFS only: Skips checking of cycles within the folder structure.
/B               NTFS only: Re-evaluates bad clusters on the volume (implies /R)

The /I or /C switch reduces the amount of time required to run Chkdsk by skipping certain checks of the volume.


Running this command can require a reboot.


chkdsk d: /f - runs the command on the D: drive fixing errors.

Associated Commands



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Last Page Update: 08/03/2012

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